Take the coast road out of Mangawhai Heads and head up through Langs Beach to Waipu (25k approx). Although it begins with a winding hill, this avoids the steeper hills on the main highway and is much prettier. The route curves along with coastal views past Langs Beach and Waipu Cove (store and camping, a great family beach) The road then heads into Waipu proper along a flattish straight.
Waipu is an old Scottish settlement and has most of the facilities you might require. Take the side loop heading north rather than heading for the main junction and this will take you eventually and unavoidably out onto Highway 1. There is a good shoulder however and after 4-6k you will come to a DOC campground (no store, boil-your-water) at Uretiti. This is a lovely beachfront government camping ground among the pine trees and worth a night if you want a short day. If you want to press on, head up to Ruakaka (a further 5k, store, campground). Another 30k will take you into Whangarei, a large town, almost a city, with all facilities. Whangarei is the place to make decisions. Below is a fellow cyclist, Nic from South Africa... a bit of contrast to get an alternate view of the same journey.
This was mostly made up by highway and is not recommendable. Busy, lots of trucks and I even had a close call. I just couldn't figure out another way to do it practically. Whangarei itself I did not find very attractive but I guess this could be relative to where you are in the town. I went to a camping/backpackers that I just could not get myself to stay at as it felt too much like a motorpark and ended up staying at a Guest house called Chelsea House that was really great, an awesome 100 year old place where one feels right at home.